The Afghan battle — launched on October 7, 2001 within the wake of the September 11 assaults — is the longest ever waged by the US.
Listed below are some key figures in regards to the battle with US and overseas troops having all however withdrawn from Afghanistan:
Boots on the bottom
At its peak, below president Barack Obama in 2011, the US had 98,000 personnel on the bottom, in response to Pentagon figures.
A NATO alliance of 38 international locations dedicated to the Afghan battle in December 2001, however the US has all the time offered the most important army contingent.
As of February 2020, when Washington signed a cope with the Taliban committing to withdrawing its troops, the Pentagon estimated that round 14,000 remained within the nation.
By Might 1, 2021 — the unique deadline for the withdrawal, pushed again to September 11 by new President Joe Biden — there have been about 9,500 overseas troops in Afghanistan, of which American troops made up the most important contingent of two,500.
Simply over 38,000 civilians had been killed between 2009 and the top of 2020, in response to the United Nations Help Mission in Afghanistan, which started systematically recording civilian casualties in 2009. The deadliest yr was 2018.
Greater than 70,000 others had been wounded over the identical interval.
Within the final three years, greater than 395,800 Afghans have been displaced, the Ministry of Refugees and Repatriation mentioned.
The United States has paid the very best worth when it comes to overseas fatalities in Afghanistan, with greater than 2,400 army personnel killed and greater than 20,700 wounded.
As for different NATO coalition members, Britain misplaced the second-highest variety of personnel, with 455 killed, in response to icasualties.org, which displays the lifeless and wounded in conflicts corresponding to Afghanistan.
The Afghan authorities now not publishes knowledge for losses inside its military, that are important, however President Ashraf Ghani in 2019 mentioned greater than 45,000 members of the nation’s safety forces have been killed since 2014, when he grew to become chief.
How a lot did the battle value?
As of September 30, 2019, the Pentagon formally estimated the price of US operations in Afghanistan at $776 billion since 2001. Of that whole, $197.3 billion was earmarked for reconstruction of the war-ravaged nation and its establishments.
However in response to a examine by Brown College, the price of America’s wars exceeds the Pentagon’s estimate, as State Division support just isn’t taken into consideration, nor are any intelligence operations or the medical prices of wounded veterans.
Factoring in all these prices, the Brown researchers say the US “wars on terror” in Iraq, Syria and Afghanistan since 2001 have value $6.4 trillion.
Earlier than the Taliban had been deposed in 2001, women had been banned from finding out and girls accused of crimes corresponding to adultery had been stoned to demise.
Afghanistan’s Ministry of Training mentioned there at the moment are round 9.7 million kids enrolled in faculties, 42% of them women. There are at present 18,000 lively faculties throughout the nation, up from 3,000 twenty years in the past.
There are 68 girls lawmakers within the Afghan parliament, about 30 p.c of the decrease home. Over the previous twenty years, girls have additionally held senior political and authorities positions corresponding to senators, ministers and governors.
Between 2003 to 2018, the toddler mortality fee fell from 53 to 23 per 1,000 stay births, in response to the World Financial institution.