The valley stands on the west financial institution of the Nile, reverse Thebes, inside the coronary heart of the Theban Necropolis. Right here, for almost 500 years, from the sixteenth to eleventh century BC, rock-cut tombs have been excavated for the pharaohs and highly effective nobles of the New Kingdom. And, amazingly, consultants know precisely how they did it because of a plethora of historical materials uncovered within the years since, together with an unimaginable map.
Egyptologist Professor Joann Fletcher detailed throughout Odyssey’s ‘The Valley Of Kings: The Egyptian Golden Age’ how the realm was used.
She mentioned: “Pharaohs of the New Kingdom chose to be buried in this remote valley where they could lie undisturbed in rock-cut tombs.
“This grew to become Egypt’s most sacred place.
“Such elaborate preparations for the afterlife also fuelled a growing economy and just as in the pyramid age, the industry of death shaped the lives of many ordinary people.
“Not solely have been there tombs to chop and temples to construct, however statues, shrines, coffins, sarcophagi and all of the paraphernalia of the afterlife.
“And with this came all the ingenuity of sourcing everything from alabaster to granite, to gold.”
Prof Fletcher detailed how the invention of an historical map allowed consultants to look again in time.
Displaying it to viewers, she defined why it was so spectacular to her.
She defined: “This is a copy of the world’s earliest surviving geological map, dating from around 1150BC and the reign of Ramses IV.
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Prof Fletcher explained: “Recognized to be very correct, the map was made for one particular quarrying expedition, when 8,000 males have been despatched right into a desert valley, 130km (80.7 miles) from Thebes to mine stone for royal monuments.
“What’s special about this map is that it leads us to the ordinary people who were employed by the pharaoh to build tombs in the Valley of the Kings.
“It was found by archaeologists on the employee’s village of Deir el-Medina, a purpose-built settlement to deal with the tomb builders, architects, artists and scribes collectively.
“It’s one of these workers who made the map.”
The world has been a spotlight of archaeological exploration because the finish of the 18th century, and its tombs and burials proceed to stimulate analysis and curiosity.
The valley is most well-known for the invention of the tomb of Tutankhamun.
In 1979, it grew to become a World Heritage Website, together with the remainder of the Theban Necropolis.